Post graduate education involves studying and obtaining a degree or similar qualification for which a first or Bachelor’s Degree is generally required. Before comparing the post graduate education scenario in India and abroad, it is necessary to understand the various objectives with which people might be planning to pursue such a degree. These could be:
● For continuing an Interest
● As a career requirement
● For bonus skills
● To change careers etc.
The higher education facilities available in India with regard to each of the above vary considerably. These will also vary based on the specific area of research the prospective student wishes to specialize in. Having said that, we can now proceed to compare the present scenario on Post Graduate education in India and abroad.
Obtaining one’s Master’s Degree from top foreign universities has some unique advantages. The person will get to interact will a wider society, leading to global exposure. He/she gets to expand their network and stands a better change of employment, possibly abroad itself. The quality of education in many fields is also superior in comparison with India. Also certain cutting edge specialisations, in fields like IT, robotics, avionics etc are available only there. But these come at the toll of hefty fees. The fees of higher education in various countries like the US, UK, Australia are much more than what an average Indian student can bear.But in this regard, it should be noted that various scholarships are available for meritorious students. World Bank - Scholarship and Fellowship Programs, Oxford University - Rhodes Scholarship Trust, York University, Canada - York Scholarships, Awards & Bursaries etc. to name a few. Various banks are also providing education loans for the same. To get admitted to good foreign universities, it is also necessary to score high marks in exams like GRE, GMAT, TOEFL etc. Another consideration for studying abroad is the ease with which the country provides Student Visa. This varies with different countries.
The recent turn of events in Australia throw a new light into the plight of Indian students studying abroad. Indian students are being targeted, attacked and murdered - one being allegedly set on fire in Melbourne, the reason being racism. Post this 2010 violence, the number of Indian students wanting to study in Australia has slumped by almost 50%. This has caused skeletons to tumble out for many prominent educational hubs abroad. Thus overseas education should be chosen only after properly understanding the state of the country involved.
Before some ten, twenty years ago, the number of institutions and courses for higher education in India was very low. The Post Graduate education scenario in India has considerably improved over the past decade. The latest statistics show that presently there are more than 300 university-level institutions in India, with some offering a wide range of subjects and others specialising in a particular field, such as agriculture, medicine or technology. In addition, there are over 8,000 colleges affiliated to these universities. Some of these large post graduate research centres are called Centres of Excellence. The IITs and IIMs of India are also known for post graduate education in their respective fields. The cost of quality education in India is only a fraction of what it costs to learn from abroad. Here also, various scholarships are available for the talented.
Many Indian institutions are also tying up with various foreign institutions to setup exchange programs. In this way, students studying in such institutions get the change of global exposure and international quality education. The Indian Institute of Management Calcutta Exchange Programme with Cardiff University on UK is an example.
Thus, in comparing Post Graduate education in India and abroad, we cannot say out right that one is better than the other, each having its own advantages and limitations. So finally it is upto the student to truly understand the purpose or requirement of his/her higher education and to check the available universities in both India and abroad before making the right decision.